Charles Dickens Biography

Overview

Date of Birth
7 February 1812
Birth Name
Charles John Huffam Dickens

Biography

Charles Dickens' father was a clerk at the Naval Pay Office, and because of this the family had to move from place to place: Plymouth, London, Chatham. It was a large family and despite hard work, his father couldn't earn enough money. In 1823 he was arrested for debt and Charles had to start working in a factory, labeling bottles for six shillings a week. The economy eventually improved and Charles was able to go back to school. After leaving school, he started to work in a solicitor's office. He learned shorthand and started as a reporter working for the Morning Chronicle in courts of law and the House of Commons. In 1836 his first novel was published, "The Pickwick Papers". It was a success and was followed by more novels: "Oliver Twist" (1837), "Nicholas Nickleby" (1838-39) and "Barnaby Rudge" (1841). He traveled to America later that year and aroused the hostility of the American press by supporting the abolitionist (anti-slavery) movement. In 1858 he divorced his wife Catherine, who had borne him ten children. During the 1840s his social criticism became more radical and his comedy more savage: novels like "David Copperfield" (1849-50), "A Tale of Two Cities" (1959) and "Great Expectations" (1860-61) only increased his fame and respect. His last novel, "The Mystery of Edwin Drood", was never completed and was later published posthumously.

Spouse

'Catherine Hogarth' (2 April 1836 - 1858) (separated); 10 children

Trade Mark

Liked to write about spartan London life.

Trivia

Buried in Poet's Corner at Westminster Abbey, London, UK.

He was in a train accident near Staplehurst in which 10 died and 49 were injured, although he came through unscathed. He was reading through the manuscript of "Our Mutual Friend" when the accident occurred, and wrote a postscript which he added to that book about the accident. Dickens died on 9 June 1870, exactly 5 years after the Staplehurst accident.

Great-great-great-grandfather of actor / race-car driver 'Brian Forster ' .

He and his wife, Catherine Hogarth, had ten children: Charles Culliford Boz Dickens, born 1837; Mary Dickens, born 1838; Kate Macready Dickens, born 1839; Walter Savage Landor Dickens, born 1841; Francis Jeffrey "Frank" Dickens, born 1844; Alfred D'Orsay Tennyson Dickens, born 1845; Sydney Smith Haldimand Dickens, born 1847; Henry Fielding Dickens, born 1849; Dora Annie Dickens, born 1850; and Edward Bulwer Lytton Dickens, born 1852.

Great-grandfather of writer 'Monica Dickens' .

Suffered from asthma. He found relief from his "chest troubles" only with opium, a popular asthma remedy of his day. Mr. Omer, one of the asthmatic characters in his autobiographical novel "David Copperfield", reflects Dickens' own suffering.

The only known statue of him is located in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. His will forbade a statue of any kind, and when one was made by admirers the family refused it. It is located in Clark Park at 43rd Street and Chester Avenue in the city's University City section. He is seen posing with a character from one of his stories, "Little Nell".

For many historians, the success of the classic story "A Christmas Carol" directly redefined the modern Western conception of Christmas and its sentiments, in effect creating the modern version of the holiday itself.

His personal experience as a labeler in a bottle factory inspired him to write a horrific scene of child labor in "Oliver Twist".

Dickens is often said to have been paid by the word, but this is untrue. For his serialized works, he was paid by the installment.

Visited America in 1842, where he was greatly acclaimed.

Was greatly admired by 'Queen Victoria' , as well as by 'Fyodor Dostoevsky' .

Owned a pet raven named Grip. Dickens introduced the loquacious raven into his serialized mystery novel "Barnaby Rudge" (1841). 'Edgar Allan Poe' , who would later meet Dickens when he traveled to America, reviewed "Barnaby Rudge" and commented on the use of the talking raven, saying the bird should have loomed larger in the plot. Literary experts surmise that the talking raven of "Barnaby Rudge" inspired Poe's most famous poem, "The Raven", published in 1845. After Grip died in 1841, Dickens had the bird mounted. It now resides at the Free Library on Logan Circle in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Wrote four more novellas with a Christmas theme after the great success of "A Christmas Carol", which was published in 1843: "The Chimes," "The Cricket on the Hearth," "The Battle of Life" and "The Haunted Man.".

He is a great-great-great-grandfather of British actor 'Harry Lloyd ' .

His wish was to be buried in the English county of Kent but public demand led to his final resting place being in Westminster Abbey, London, England.

His play, "Great Expectations" at the Strawdog Theatre Ensemble in Chicago, Illinois was nominated for a 2014 Joseph Jefferson Non-Equity Award for Play Production.

Is said to have been inspired to create possibly his most famous character Ebenezer Scrooge by 18th century MP John Elwes. At one point Elwes was worth 800,000 pounds -- about $100 million in 2010 money. Despite being set for life, he refused to spend a penny on luxuries like candles, a fireplace, or a roof for his bedroom (to the horror of relatives visiting when it rained). He even refused to buy clothes regularly and often wore ones that had been discarded by the homeless. Unlike Scrooge, Elwes was known for being extremely generous with his money, often loaning it to friends and never asking for it back unless they volunteered it.

In 1857, Charles Dickens fell in love with professional actress Ellen Ternan (1839-1914). She became his mistress, and in 1858 Dickens divorced his wife to settle with Ternan. The relationship lasted until his death in 1870, though they never married. Dickens kept this relationship secret from the public, fearing that it would ruin his reputation. In conservative Victorian Britain, it was considered a scandal to divorce your wife.

Among his sisters-in-law, Charles Dickens was particularly close to teenager Mary Hogarth. In 1837, Mary died in Dickens' arms following a brief illness. His shock and grief caused him to stop writing for over a month, and missing deadlines for a number of ongoing works.

As a child, Charles Dickens was interested in literature and spend much of his free time reading. His favorite writers were Daniel Defoe (c. 1660-1731), Alain-René Lesage (1668-1747), Henry Fielding (1707-1754), Tobias Smollett (1721-1771), and Elizabeth Inchbald (1753-1821). Most of them were writing picaresque novels, a genre which features roguish heroes of low social class who have to survive by their wits in a corrupt society. These writers are considered to have had an influence on his own work.

In the 1850s, Charles Dickens started a fund raising campaign to rescue the Great Ormond Street Hospital, a children's hospital, from closing. It was a great success, with Dickens securing over 3,000 pounds for the hospital.

In the late 1840s, Charles Dickens had legal problems with fellow writer and former friend Thomas Powell (1809-1887). Powell had fled the United Kingdom following a scandal involving forgery, embezzlement and fraud. He settled in the United States and started publishing works concerning the personal and professional lives of 38 British writers, including Dickens. Dickens tried to publicly expose Powell as a criminal and Powell in turn accused him of slander and defamation. The case was settled out of court.

In 1862, Charles Dickens was offered 10,000 pounds to go on a reading tour in Australia. He was enthusiastic and even planned to write a book about his experiences there, but eventually turned down the offer. He was 50-years-old and feared the consequences of a long journey by sea.

Charles Dickens wrote and published 15 novels, 5 novellas, hundreds of short stories, and various non-fiction works.

Most of of Charles Dickens' novels were written in an episodic manner, reflecting their publication as serial fiction. Their chapters often ended in cliff-hangers, to ensure that the readers would buy the next chapter to learn what happened to their favorite characters.

In 1856, Charles Dickens was able to buy Gads Hill Place, a mansion in in Higham, Kent. As a child, Dickens had admired this mansion and dreamed of owning it. His father told him that if he worked hard enough, one day he would own it. By the 1850s, he was finally wealthy enough to fulfill his childhood dream. He continued living and writing in this mansion until his death in 1870. He died in the dining room of the mansion.

Starting in 1858, Charles Dickens began a series of reading tours. For about a decade he was constantly on tour, making hundreds of appearances across England, Scotland and Ireland. While the tours contributed to his fame and were profitable, they took much of his time and he spend less time writing new works. He completed only 2 or 3 novels in this period.

In the 1830s, Charles Dickens used the pen name "Boz" and even published the work "Sketches by Boz" (1836). However, he became more famous when using his real name.

Charles Dickens collaborated with the illustrators of his works to create detailed portraits of his characters and settings. He felt the visual image was important to understanding his works.

From 1860 to 1863, Charles Dickens found himself responsible for the care of his elderly mother Elizabeth Culliford Dickens, who had gone senile. He found her deteriorating condition to be rather troublesome and compared her to a "female Hamlet". She died in 1863.

Ellen Ternan, Dickens' mistress, came from an acting family. Her father Thomas Lawless Ternan was a professional actor, and her mother Frances Eleanor Jarman (c. 1803-1873) was an internationally-famous actress. Ellen's older sister was Frances Eleanor Trollope (married name), who served as an actress before starting a career as a novelist. Her other sister Maria Ternan, was also an actress, but later started a career as a journalist.

Gads Hill Place, Charles Dickens' main residence, has another literary connection. It is built on Gad's Hill, which was used as the setting of a scene in the theatrical play "Henry IV, Part 1" (c. 1597) by William Shakespeare. In the scene, character Sir John Falstaff commits highway robbery on Gad's Hill, robbing the king's exchequer (treasury). Also on Gad's Hill, Falstaff is in turn ambushed and robbed by a disguised Prince Hal (Henry V).

Charles Dickens and his long-time mistress Ellen Ternan (1839-1914) had a great age difference. He was 45-years-old when the affair started, while she was 18-years-old. He was old enough to be her father, and Ternan was in fact younger than some of Dickens' own children.

Charles Dickens' burial violated his own instructions on the matter. Dickens wanted to be buried in Rochester Cathedral, preferably in an inexpensive grave. He was instead buried in the Poets' Corner of the Westminster Abbey. It is a location reserved for the graves and memorials of some of Britain's greatest writers, starting with the burial of Geoffrey Chaucer in 1400. Dickens' contemporaries felt that he deserved the honor.

Besides 10 legitimate children, Charles Dickens may have had an illegitimate son by Ellen Ternan. Kate Perugini (married name), one of Dickens' daughters, claimed in an interview that she had an illegitimate half-brother who died in infancy, and that her father had kept his existence a secret. There is no other record of this child.

Charles Dickens' novel "Oliver Twist" (1838) is considered the first novel with a child protagonist of the Victorian era.

In the 1860s, Charles Dickens was among the early members of "the Ghost Club", a paranormal investigation and research organization. The club investigated ghosts and psychic phenomena, and managed to expose various hoaxes of the time.

In 1846, wealthy heiress Angela Burdett Coutts founded the Urania Cottage, a home for the redemption of fallen women. The women in question would be educated and trained to become domestic servants and wives. Coutts chose Charles Dickens to serve as the director of the Cottage. Dickens administrated the Cottage from 1847 to 1859, successfully training about 100 "fallen women".

In 1869, Charles Dickens was still performing in reading tours. In April, he suffered a stroke and the rest of the tour had to be canceled. In 1870, Dickens felt he had recovered enough and went on a new tour., attempting to make a comeback. He only gave 12 performances, from January to March of the year. In June, he suffered a second stroke. He never recovered, falling unconscious, and dying the next day.

In 1860, Charles Dickens feared that his personal life would be exposed to the public. He had kept archives of his personal correspondence, but destroyed most of them in a bonfire. He continued the practice until his death, and some aspects of his personal life remain unknown or disputed.

In his will, Charles Dickens left considerable sums for both his former wife Catherine Thomson Hogarth and his mistress Ellen Ternan. Ensuring that both women would live comfortably after his death.

While visiting the United States in 1842, Charles Dickens discovered pirated copies of his works. He considered this a violation of copyright and a threat to his own finances. He started giving lectures on the necessity of international copyright laws. He persuaded a number of other writers to co-sign a petition to the United States Congress, requesting new copyright legislation. His efforts failed and the American press was particularly hostile to Dickens' "mercenary" efforts to profit from his literary works.

Charles Dickens was a devout Christian, though he only wrote one overtly religious work, "The Life of Our Lord" (1849). It was a short biography of Jesus Christ. However, Dickens also criticized aspects of organized religion, and viewed religious hypocrisy as contradictory to the true spirit of Christianity.

While publishing his serial novels, Charles Dickens was able to evaluate his audience's reaction to each installment, and took note of reader feedback. He modified the plot of his works and the character development according to said feedback.

From 1867 to 1868, Charles Dickens went on a reading tour in the United States, performing 76 readings and earning 19,000 pounds. He reportedly wanted to tour the United States earlier in the decade, but was discouraged by the American Civil War.

Most of Charles Dickens' works were published in monthly or weekly installments, as serial fiction. He is credited with popularizing serial fiction, as a publication mode for novels. It became the main mode for novel publication during the Victorian era.

Several of Charles Dickens' characters were based on people of his environment, including his own family members, employers, and acquaintances. For example, Wilkins Micawber is based on Dickens' father, and Mrs. Nickleby is based on Dickens' mother.

Quotes

Any man may be in good spirits and good temper when he's well dressed. There ain't much credit in that.

A wonderful fact to reflect upon, that every human creature is constituted to be that profound secret and mystery to every other.

Reflect upon your present blessings, of which every man has many - not on your past misfortunes, of which of all men have some.

[on babies] Every baby born into the world is a finer one than the last.

[on choice] We forge the chains we wear in life.

The life of almost any man possessing great gifts would be a sad book to himself.

[on Niagara Falls] It would be hard for a man to stand nearer to God than he does here.

I believe that Virtue shows quite as well in rags and patches as she does in purple and fine linen.

Biographical Movies

"Biography" (1987) {Charles Dickens: A Tale of Ambition and Genius}

"Dickens of London" (1976)

The Invisible Woman (2013)

Portrayed in

The Best House in London (1969)

Mr. H.C. Andersen (1950)

The Loves of Edgar Allan Poe (1942)

Once Upon a Time (1918)

Oliver Twist (1916)

"The CBS Festival of Lively Arts for Young People" (1973) {The Secret of Charles Dickens (#5.3)}

The Great Inimitable Mr. Dickens (1970) (TV)

Devotion (1946)

"American Playhouse" (1981) {Any Friend of Nicholas Nickleby Is a Friend of Mine (#1.5)}

Mr. Dickens of London (1967) (TV)

"Dickens" (2002)

"Desperate Romantics" (2009) {(#1.1)}

"Desperate Romantics" (2009) {(#1.2)}

"Desperate Romantics" (2009) {(#1.3)}

"Desperate Romantics" (2009) {(#1.4)}

"Desperate Romantics" (2009) {(#1.5)}

Hans Christian Andersen: My Life as a Fairy Tale (2003) (TV)

Article

"Cleveland Plain Dealer" (USA), 1 April 2012, pg. E1 + E8, by: Mark Dawidziak, "Screen versions of Dickens works help keep him alive"

"The New York Times" (USA), 2 December 2009, Vol. 159, Iss. 54,877, pg. A28, by: Alison Leigh Cowan, "Dickens the Editor To Dickens the Writer: Make It Sell"

"The Daily Telegraph" (UK), 15 January 2009, by: Richard Savill, "Diamond ring could prove Charles Dickens had secret love-child"

"The New York Times" (USA), 6 June 2008, Vol. 157, Iss. 54,333, pg. E2, by: Felicia R. Lee, "Dickens Desk and Chair Sold"

"The Independent" (UK), 24 March 2008, Iss. 6689, pg. 9, by: Arifa Akbar, "Dicken's family seek to overturn writer's dying wish for no memorials"

"Scary Monsters Magazine" (USA), September 2003, Iss. 48, pg. 83-106, by: Bob Statzer, "Christmas Spirits: A Cheerful Checklist of Onscreen Scrooges"

"TV Guide" (USA), 25 November 2000, Vol. 48, Iss. 48, pg. 30-36, by: Fred Guida, "Scrooge Lives!"

"Internationale Echo" (Netherlands), November 1948, pg. 7, "Dickens als scenario-schrijver"

Other Works

Wrote Parliamentary sketches under the pen-name 'Boz'

(1841) Novel: "Barnaby Rudge" (filmed as Barnaby Rudge (1915) , Dolly Varden (1913) , Barnaby Rudge (1911) , "Barnaby Rudge" (1960) )

(1854) Novel: "Hard Times" (filmed as Tempos Difíceis (1988) , Hard Times (1915) , "Hard Times" (1994) , "Hard Times" (1977) ).

Novel: "Christmas Stories"

Story: "The Signalman" (filmed as The Signalman (1976) (TV) ).

(1865) Story: "Our Mutual Friend" (filmed as "Our Mutual Friend" (1998) , "Our Mutual Friend" (1976) ).

Story: "Eugene Wrayburn" (filmed as Eugene Wrayburn (1911) ).

Story: "Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgers" (filmed as Mrs. Lirriper's Lodgers (1912) ).

Story: "Mr. Horatio Sparkins" (filmed as Mr. Horatio Sparkins (1913) ).

Short story: "Cricket on the Hearth" (filmed as The Cricket on the Hearth (1914/I) , The Cricket on the Hearth (1914/II) , The Cricket on the Hearth (1909) , Cricket on the Hearth (1967) (TV) ).

Short story: "The Chimes" (filmed as The Chimes (1914/I) , The Chimes (1914/II) ).

Novel: "Martin Chuzzlewit" (filmed as Martin Chuzzlewit (1914) , Martin Chuzzlewit (1912) , "Martin Chuzzlewit" (1994) , "Martin Chuzzlewit" (1964) ).

Novel: "Bleak House" (filmed as Bleak House (1926) , Bleak House (1922) , Bleak House (1920) , Jo the Crossing Sweeper (1918) , "Bleak House" (2005) , "Bleak House" (1959) ).

Novel: "Dombey and Son" (filmed as Rich Man's Folly (1931) , Dombey and Son (1919) , Dombais et fils (2007) (TV) , "Dombey & Son" (1983) , "Dombey and Son" (1969) , "Os irmãos Dombey" (1959) ).

(1836) Novel: "The Pickwick Papers" (filmed as The Pickwick Papers (1952) , The Adventures of Mr. Pickwick (1921) , The Pickwick Papers (1913) , The Pickwick Papers (1913) , Mr. Pickwick's Predicament (1912) , "The Pickwick Papers" (1985) , "Il circolo Pickwick" (1968) , "Les aventures de Monsieur Pickwick" (1964) ).

(1859) Novel: "A Tale of Two Cities" (filmed as A Tale of Two Cities (1958) , A Tale of Two Cities (1935) , The Only Way (1925) , A Tale of Two Cities (1922) , A Tale of Two Cities (1917) , A Tale of Two Cities (1911) , A Tale of Two Cities (1907) , "A Tale of Two Cities" (1989) , A Tale of Two Cities (1984) (TV) , A Tale of Two Cities (1980) (TV) , "A Tale of Two Cities" (1980) , "A Tale of Two Cities" (1965) , "A Tale of Two Cities" (1957) , "ABC Album" (1953) {A Tale of Two Cities: Part 1 (#1.4)} , "ABC Album" (1953) {A Tale of Two Cities: Part 2 (#1.5)} , "The DuPont Show of the Month" (1957) {A Tale of Two Cities (#1.7)} ).

Novel: "The Old Curiosity Shop" (filmed as The Old Curiosity Shop (1975) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1934) , La bottega dell'antiquario (1921) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1921) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1913) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1912) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1911) , The Old Curiosity Shop (2007) (TV) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1995) (TV) , "The Old Curiosity Shop" (1979) , "The Old Curiosity Shop" (1962) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1984) , The Old Curiosity Shop (1912) )

Novel: "Little Dorrit" (filmed as Little Dorrit (1987) , Klein Dorrit (1934) , Little Dorrit (1920) , Klein Doortje (1917) , Little Dorrit (1913) , "Little Dorrit" (2008) , "Le théâtre de la jeunesse" (1960) {La petite Dorrit} ).

Novel: "The Mystery of Edwin Drood" (filmed as The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1993) , Mystery of Edwin Drood (1935) , The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1914) , The Mystery of Edwin Drood (1909) , "The Mystery of Edwin Drood" (1960) ).

(1861) Novel: "Great Expectations" (filmed as Great Expectations (1998) , Great Expectations (1971) , Great Expectations (1946) , Great Expectations (1934) , Great Expectations (1917) , The Boy and the Convict. (1909) , Great Expectations (1999) (TV) , "Great Expectations" (1989) , Great Expectations (1983) (TV) , "Great Expectations" (1981) , Great Expectations (1974) (TV) , "Great Expectations" (1967) , "As Grandes Esperanças" (1961) , "Great Expectations" (1959) ), "Wagon Train" (1957) {The Tom Tuckett Story (#3.21)} ).

(1839) Novel: "Nicholas Nickleby" (filmed as Nicholas Nickleby (2002) , The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby (1947) , Nicholas Nickleby (1912) , Nicholas Nickleby (1903) , The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby (2001) (TV) , "The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby" (1982) , "Nicholas Nickleby" (1977) , "Nicholas Nickleby" (1968) , "Nicholas Nickleby" (1957) ).

(1837) Novel: "Oliver Twist" (filmed as Oliver Twist (2005) , Boy Called Twist (2004) , Twist (2003) , The Adventures of Oliver Twist (1991) , Oliver & Company (1988) , Oliver! (1968) , Oliver Twist (1948) , Oliver Twist (1933) , Oliver Twist (1922/I) , Fagin (1922) , Nancy (1922) , Oliver Twist, Jr. (1921) , Die Geheimnisse von London - Die Tragödie eines Kindes (1920) , Twist Olivér (1919) , Oliver Twist (1916) , Oliver Twist (1912/I) , Oliver Twist (1912/II) , L'enfance d'Oliver Twist (1910) , Oliver Twist (1909) , A Modern Oliver Twist (1906) , Mr. Bumble the Beadle (1898) , Death of Nancy Sykes (1897) , "Oliver Twist" (2007) , "Oliver Twist" (1999) , "The Wonderful World of Disney" (1997) {Oliver Twist (#1.9)} , "Les nouvelles aventures d'Oliver Twist" (1997) , "Oliver Twist" (1985) , Oliver Twist (1982/I) (TV) , Oliver Twist (1982/II) (TV) , Oliver Twist (1974) , "The Further Adventures of Oliver Twist" (1980) , "Le théâtre de la jeunesse" (1960) {Oliver Twist} , "Oliver Twist" (1960) , "Oliver Twist" (1955) , Oliver Twist (1907) )

(1843) Novel: "A Christmas Carol" (filmed as A Christmas Carol (2009) , The Nutcracker: A Christmas Story (2007) , A Christmas Carol (2004) (TV) , Christmas Carol: The Movie (2001) , Timeless (1998) , An All Dogs Christmas Carol (1998) , A Christmas Carol (1997) , A Christmas Carol (1994) , The Muppet Christmas Carol (1992) , Scrooged (1988) , Mickey's Christmas Carol (1983) , Scrooge (1970) , It's Never Too Late (1956) , Scrooge (1951) , Leyenda de Navidad (1947) , A Christmas Carol (1938) , Scrooge (1935) , Scrooge (1928) , Scrooge (1923) , Scrooge (1922) , The Right to Be Happy (1916) , A Christmas Carol (1914) , Scrooge (1913) , The Virtue of Rags (1912) , A Christmas Carol (1910) , A Christmas Carol (1908) , Scrooge; or Marley's Ghost (1901) , Karroll's Christmas (2004) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (2004) (TV) , Scrooge and Marley (2001) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (2000) (TV) , Christmas Glory 2000 (2000) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1999) (TV) , Ms. Scrooge (1997) (TV) , Ebenezer (1998) (TV) , Bah, Humbug!: The Story of Charles Dickens' 'A Christmas Carol' (1994) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1994) (TV) , Scrooge: A Christmas Sarah (1990) (TV) , Blackadder's Christmas Carol (1988) (TV) , Christmas (1986) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1984) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1984) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1981) (TV) , A Christmas Carol at Ford's Theatre (1979) (TV) , Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol (1979) (TV) , An American Christmas Carol (1979) (TV) , The Stingiest Man in Town (1978) (TV) , Scrooge (1978) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1977) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1971) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1969) (TV) , A Carol for Another Christmas (1964) (TV) , Mr. Scrooge (1964) (TV) , "O Velho Scrooge" (1963) , Mister Magoo's Christmas Carol (1962) (TV) , Ein Weihnachtslied in Prosa oder Eine Geistergeschichte zum Christfest (1960) (TV) , Story of the Christmas Carol (1955) (TV) , Ein Weihnachtslied in Prosa (1955) (TV) , "Kraft Television Theatre" (1953) {A Christmas Carol (#1.11)} , A Christmas Carol (1950) (TV) , The Christmas Carol (1949) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1947) (TV) , A Christmas Carol (1943) (TV) , "General Electric Theater" (1953) {The Trail to Christmas (#6.11)} , "The Alcoa Hour" (1955) {The Stingiest Man in Town (#2.7)} ).

(1850) Novel: "David Copperfield" (filmed as David Copperfield (2009) (TV) , The Personal History, Adventures, Experience, & Observation of David Copperfield the Younger (1935) , David Copperfield (1922) , David Copperfield (1913) , David Copperfield (1911) , David Copperfield (2000) (TV) , "David Copperfield" (1999) , David Copperfield (1993) (TV) , "David Copperfield" (1986) , David Copperfield (1983) (TV) , "David Copperfield" (1974) , David Copperfield (1970) (TV) , "David Copperfield" (1966) , "David Copperfield" (1958) ).

(1899) Stage: Wrote (w/William Henry Wills) "The Only Way", performed at the Prince of Wales Theatre in London, England, with Martin Harvey in the cast.

Story: "The Signal-Man"

Story: "To Be Taken with a Grain of Salt" (aka "Trial for Murder")

Book: "A Child's History of England"

(1893) Collection: "Letters".

(2013-2014 Season) His novel, "Great Expectations," was performed at the Strawdog Theatre Ensemble in Chicago, Illinois. Jason Gerace was director. John Kelly was lighting designer.

(1976-1977) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1977-1978) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1980-1981) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1978-1979) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1979-1980) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1982-1983) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1981-1982) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1983-1984) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1984-1985) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1985-1986) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1988-1989) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1986-1987) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1987-1988) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1989-1990) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1989-1990) His novel, "A Tale of Two Cities," was adapted by Nagle Jackson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Sabin Epstein was director.

(1990-1991) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was director.

(1991-1992) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also director.

(1991-1992) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. David Maier was director.

(1993-1994) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. David Maier was director.

(1998-1999) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also original director. Candace Barrett and Raye Birk were directors.

(1997-1998) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also original director. Candace Barrett was director.

(1996-1997) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was also original director. Candace Barrett was director.

(2000-2001) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. Candace Barrett and Raye Birk were directors.

(1999-2000) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. Candace Barrett and Raye Birk were directors.

(2002-2003) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Craig Staight was director. Laird Williamson was original director.

(2001-2002) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Margo Whitcomb was director. Laird Williamson was original director.

(2003-2004) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. Carey Perloff was also director.

(2003-2004) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Laird Williamson was original director. Craig Staight was director.

(2004-2005) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Dennis Powers and Laird Williamson in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Craig Staight was director.

(2007-2008) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Paul Walsh and Carey Perloff in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Carey Perloff was director.

(2006-2007) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Paul Walsh and Carey Perloff in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Carey Perloff was director.

(2009-20010) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was director. Carey Perloff was original director.

(2008-2009) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was director. Carey Perloff was original director.

(2010-2011) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was director. Carey Perloff was original director.

(2011-2012) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was director. Carey Perloff was original director.

(2012-2013) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was director. Carey Perloff was original director.

(2014-2015) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Paul Walsh and Carey Perloff in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was the director. Carey Perloff was the original director.

(2013-2014) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Paul Walsh and Carey Perloff in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California. Domenique Lozano was the director. Carey Perloff was the original director.

(1975) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Laird Williamson and Dennis Powers in an American Conservatory Theatre production in San Francisco, California with William Paterson (Ebenezer Scrooge) in the cast.

(2005) His novel, "A Christmas Carol," was adapted by Carey Perloff and Paul Walsh in an American Contemporary Theatre production in San Francisco, California.

(1991-1992 Season) His novel, "Great Expectations," was adapted by Robert Johanson at the Paper Mill Playhouse in Millburn, New Jersey with Michael James Read, Elizabeth Franz and Nancy Bell in the cast. Robert Johanson was director. Michael Anania was scenic designer. Tim Hunter was lighting designer. Gregg Barnes was costume designer.

(June 15 to August 9, 1986) His novel, "The Life and Adventures of Nicholas Nickleby," was adapted by David Edgar in the Royal Shakespeare Company production at the Ahmanson Theatre in Los Angeles, California. Trevor Nunn and John Caird were directors.